August 14, 2022

Water ice and stability out of northern and northeast Greenland drifting glaciers

The latest communication anywhere between sea ice and glaciers has been learned to own the fresh drifting tongue away from Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden glacier, northeast Greenland (79°30’N, 22° W). Advice out-of glacial geological training, expedition reports, aerial images and you can satellite artwork can be used to help you document the latest glacier front updates and you may fast-ice conditions on millennial to help you decadal date-scales. The studies signify the stability of the drifting glacier margin is dependant on the current presence of a rescuing punctual-freeze coverage prior to the glacier. Into the episodes that have a permanent fast-freeze safeguards, no calving happen, but immediately after prompt-ice split-in the glacier reacts having a big calving hobby, wherein many years of gathered glacier-ice flux instantly breaks away. Climate-created changes out-of water-ice requirements on Cold Ocean which have seasonal break-upwards of one’s near-shore punctual freeze can lead to disintegration of the drifting glaciers. Today’s principal size loss because of the base melting perform then to help you a large the quantity be used more than by grounding-range calving from icebergs. The local increase out of fresh water regarding the north Greenland glaciers towards the water was less additionally the local iceberg design manage increase.


Submarine and you can satellite-established findings tell you a significant reduced total of the quantity and you may thickness out-of new Snowy ocean-ice protection within the last 20?3 decades ( Source Johannessen, Shalina and you may Kilometers Johannessen, 1999). In the event the went on, this might cause a significantly more freeze-ocean-environment techniques from the Snowy, of the modifying heat and you will mass exchanges including water stratification. This could determine the newest glaciation of house areas against this new Cold oceans on account of change off snow accumulation and you can/or skin melting. However, alter of one’s close-shore water-frost conditions possess a deeper impact on the newest property-mainly based glaciations. Prompt ice was at introduce popular across the rim of Cold Ocean. In the serious weather off northern and you will northeast Greenland, timely frost get build so you’re able to a sizeable thickness and you may cut off entrances away from fjords having s Wadhams, 1981), impacting brand new bulk equilibrium of one’s glaciers in your community. Currently, many retailer glaciers about north and you can northeast Greenland sectors away from the fresh Greenland ice sheet (inland frost) is actually characterized by prolonged drifting areas. The brand new partial-long lasting water-frost coverage generally seems to protect brand new floating glacier tongues and you may prevents him or her away from disintegrating. The top size loss on the glaciers is via extreme base melting averaging numerous yards of freeze per year ( Site Rignot, Gogineni, Krabill and you can Ekholm Rignot while some, 1997; Source Thomsen Thomsen and others, 1997; Resource Reeh, Mayer, Miller, Thomsen and Weidick Reeh while others, 1999a). The ensuing new-water supply towards sea probably performs a crucial role during the keeping the brand new semi-long lasting punctual-freeze safety prior to the glaciers ( Source Mayer, Reeh, Jung-Rothenhausler, Huybrechts and you will Oerter ).

At this time, the loss because of the calving in the form of crack-upwards of your frontal a portion of the glaciers in the kilometre-sized tabular freeze isles certain 10s regarding yards heavy comprises only a part of the entire size losses. The new freeze countries drift out of the glacier fronts only if your neighborhood water frost getaways upwards, an uncommon knowledge hence less than expose weather occurs from the times as much as numerous many years ( Resource Higgins Higgins 1989, Reference Higgins 1991).

Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden Glacier

Telecommunications between glaciers and you can sea ice has been read from the Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden glacier, northeast Greenland (79°30’N, 22° W). The brand new glacier means 80 kilometres much time and you will 21 kilometres large halfway down its length, broadening so you’re able to regarding the 31 km at head ice front side. A northern branch of your glacier, 8 km wider, drainage towards fjord Dijmphna Sund to the west of Hovgaard 0 (Fig. 1). The brand new external ? 6 0 kilometer of one’s glacier is actually afloat, that have a good grounding part around the Greenland ice-sheet near the fresh new west department of your own frost-dammed lake Blaso (Fig. 1).